Concrete is a Latin word. Concrete is a very hard material and that’s why it Is used in the manufacture of big structures. Concrete is the mixture of many different things with chemical mixtures and hydration. The concrete is a material that is used in the making of buildings, foundations, blocks, roads and so much more. concrete becomes very hard when it dries out and it takes time to gain its real and wanted hardness.
The main ingredients used in concrete are cement, fly ash, slag cement, gravel, limestone, granite, sand, chemicals, and water. These are the things that are combined together and mixed with chemicals and water to create concrete that become very hard when it dries out. The quantity of these ingredients differs to create different types of concrete according to the requirement. Cement is the most important and main ingredient to create concrete. After cement, water is the important ingredient. Different amount of water added can produce many different kinds of results that helps in many different parts and plays different roles. Adding less water in the mixture can produce more strong and more reliable concrete with less flow.
There are many different chemicals used in the mixture to give it different qualities and different features. These chemical are mostly available in the form of liquids. Adding different chemicals according to the need may cause different characteristic like delaying hydration or increasing hydration (drying process). Sometimes it is needed that the drying process becomes slow due to large pouring and desired dryness is required after pouring complete mixture for that purpose, some kind of chemicals are used to reduce the drying process. Sometimes it is needed to increase the efficiency of the hydration process. All these characteristics can be controlled with the help of different chemicals.
In making concrete, at first, the addition of cement and water create gel and interlock the component of the mixture together. This process Is continued until all components combine together and form a hard structure.
In creating concrete mixing is very important procedure to give it the smooth form and produce high-quality concrete. The mixture is mixed by machine at high speed. While Working with cement, it is very important to keep the real measurement to attain the required hardness. The concrete, after putting at the place takes time to become hard and dry completely. The concrete gains its strength and hardness day by day.
Structures created with concrete should be tested very regularly. There are some problems that occur in concrete that should be taken into consideration. Concrete is the most strength full and powerful material and can take a heavy load on it. Concrete’s power totally depends upon the ratios of ingredients and the amount o water added.